Free Turkish Forum

Free help in translating from or to Turkish, learn Turkish, know more about everything about Turkey
 
HomeHome  FAQFAQ  SearchSearch  RegisterRegister  MemberlistMemberlist  UsergroupsUsergroups  Log in  

Share | 
 

 Lesson 3: Vowel Harmony

View previous topic View next topic Go down 
AuthorMessage
Beyaz
Admin


Number of posts : 252
Country : Turkey-UK-France
Registration date : 2005-11-16

PostSubject: Lesson 3: Vowel Harmony   Mon 19 Dec - 8:48

Vowel Harmony is an original and essential characteristic of the Turkish language. It is a matter of logic, it is smooth to the tongue and sweet to the ear. In the previous lesson, I had explained that Turkish was a language of endings. Now, we’re going to harmonize the vowels of theses endings to the last vowel of the stem word.

There are 2 groups of vowels:

- back vowels = a ı o u

- front vowels = e i ö ü


All the vowels of a word’s endings must belong to the same vowel group of the last vowel of that word.

Example : for the word sevgili (lover), let’s add 1 ending to it : sevgili+ler (lovers).

The vowels of this ending is e = it belongs to the same vowel group of the last vowel of that word, i.e.: i.

Let’s study the ending meaning MY :

- when the word ends with a vowel, whatever vowel, just add an M. (see lesson 2)

ex : araba =car ; arabam = my car

ütü= iron ; ütüm= my iron

- when the word ends with a consonant, we have to add a vowel before the M so that we can read the word more easily. Look at the last vowel of the word and harmonize the ending’s vowel accordingly:

ex :

at=horse ; atım=my cheval
kız=daughter ; kızım= my daughter
el=hand ; elim= my hand
diz=knee ; dizim= my knee
kol=arm ; kolum= my arm
duş=shower ; duşum= my shower
süt=milk ; sütüm= my milk
göz=eye ; gözüm= my eye

To sum it up :

a/ı > ı

e/i > i

ö/ü > ü

o/u > u


The ending MY belongs to the endings that work with the –i type vowel harmony. (where you can choose between i, ı, u and ü).

(We’ll see later –e type vowel harmony (easier), where you can choose between e and a).
Is all that clear enough ???

Exercise : follow the examples by adding the correct ending meaning MY:

Eş (spouse) = eşim (my spouse)
Pencere(window) = pencerem
Ev (house) =
Aşk (love) =
Dost (friend) =
Nişanlı (fiancé) =
Kardeş (brother) =
Öğretmen (teacher) =
Öğrenci (student) =
Kuş (bird) =
Çöp (small piece of wood) =
Duvar (wall) =
Hayat (life) =
Söz (word) =
iş (work) =
krem (creme)=
lokma (mouthful) =
düğün (wedding) =
pantolon (trousers)=
ceket (jacket)=
diş (tooth) =

_________________
Quick quality translation 6 cents/word
or 4 pence/word
(native Turkish professional translator)
Back to top Go down
View user profile http://turkish.cultureforum.net
onely9



Number of posts : 3
Registration date : 2005-11-29

PostSubject: Re: Lesson 3: Vowel Harmony   Wed 8 Feb - 14:29

__________________


Last edited by onely9 on Fri 18 Jun - 14:50; edited 3 times in total
Back to top Go down
View user profile
Beyaz
Admin


Number of posts : 252
Country : Turkey-UK-France
Registration date : 2005-11-16

PostSubject: Re: Lesson 3: Vowel Harmony   Fri 10 Feb - 8:34

Mükemmel! Perfecto!! Very Happy

_________________
Quick quality translation 6 cents/word
or 4 pence/word
(native Turkish professional translator)
Back to top Go down
View user profile http://turkish.cultureforum.net
Sponsored content




PostSubject: Re: Lesson 3: Vowel Harmony   Today at 4:36

Back to top Go down
 
Lesson 3: Vowel Harmony
View previous topic View next topic Back to top 
Page 1 of 1
 Similar topics
-
» Free Harmony Hand Pump
» Operation Harmony - Sarajevo 1992
» Vintage Adverts
» Mayor's Show Friday's 7:30AM WJOB 1230AM
» A King's First Lesson [Training/Travel/Garret/Altair/Asisiak]

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
Free Turkish Forum :: Turkish language/ La langue turque :: Learn Turkish!-
Jump to: